Myths About Dyslexia: 1-5

Dr. Nadine Gaab has been posting myths about dyslexia every day for Dyslexia Awareness Month. Here are the first 5.

Be sure to follow her on Twitter https://twitter.com/GaabLab!


…Without intervention, children who are poor readers at the end of first grade almost never acquire average-level reading skills by the end of elementary school (Francis et al., 1996; Juel, 1988; Shaywitz et al., 1999; Torgesen and Burgess, 1998).

…Even in highly transparent languages such as German, 70% of below average readers in 1st grade remain below average readers in 8th grade (Landerl & Wimmer, 2008)…early intervention is key! See more here https://bold.expert/identifying-risk-instead-of-failure/… 3/3


A meta-analysis comparing intervention studies for children struggling with #reading difficulties/#dyslexia offering at least 100 sessions, reported larger effect sizes in kindergarten/1st grade than in 2nd and 3rd grades (Wanzek & Vaughn, 2007; Wanzek et al., 2013)

When “at risk” beginning readers receive intensive instruction, 56% to 92% of at-risk (for #dyslexia/#reading impairment) children across six studies reached the range of average reading ability (Torgesen, 2004)

Converging research points to the importance of early interventions for at-risk students for improving the effectiveness of remediation ( e.g.; Connor, 2009, 2013; Catts, 2015; Denton & Vaughn, 2008;Torgesen,1999; Flynn, Zheng, & Swanson, 2012; Vellutino, 1996; Morris,1997).


Research has shown that these key predictors of subsequent problems with learning to #read include: Phonological/Phonemic awareness Pseudoword repetition Rapid automatized naming Expressive/receptive vocabulary Oral listening comprehension Letter (sound) knowledge

Don’t know how to #screen for those early predictors of #reading problems and #dyslexia in pre-K or early K? Take a look at this resource that summarizes all available screening tools in one document http://bit.ly/2T1TKrm and read https://bit.ly/334uy8z by @NCILiteracy!

Copy of Early Literacy AssessmentsDISCLAIMER Last Updated 9/23/2019 DISCLAIMER: The assessments/screeners for dyslexia risk and early literacy milestones provided in this sheet are a compilation of “everything out there” that the…docs.google.com

Want to read the science behind #screening and early #reading development? Take a look at this resource https://bit.ly/2ZTLkGG by @Kathy_Rastle@ReadOxford@annecastles and work by @TheFCRR@texasldcenter, @lervag, Hugh Catts, Bruce Pennington, H. Scarborough, Maggie Snowling…

Ending the Reading Wars: Reading Acquisition From Novice to Expert – Anne Castles, Kathleen Rastle,…There is intense public interest in questions surrounding how children learn to read and how they can best be taught. Research in psychological science has prov…journals.sagepub.com


…MRI does not have the sensitivity (correctly identifying those with/without #reading disability) or specificity (correctly identifying those who will NOT develop a #reading disability) to distinguish individuals with and without #dyslexia or #reading impairment.

Other neuroimaging techniques, e.g. electroencephalography or fMRI also lack the sensitivity/specificity for diagnosing #dyslexia or #reading impairments. However, all of these tools can be used to show differences between GROUPS of individuals with or without #dyslexia

If you want to learn more about the neural correlates of typical & atypical reading, including #dyslexia take a look at https://bit.ly/2AK9HLW or read work by @DrJamesBooth@yu_sea0052@olaozpa@JenniferMZuk@FumikoHoeft , L. Cutting, @maskeide@VandermostenM@jdyeatman & more..


…and the neural correlates of #reading impairments and #dyselxia may also look slightly different in logographic languages BUT individuals learning to read in logographic languages CAN develop #dyslexia /#reading impairments. Interested to learn more? Please read …

…the excellent work by @cammiemcbride9 and her colleagues who have done important work on typical and atypical #reading development in logographic languages. Also, please check out her excellent course on teaching #reading with a global perspective below. (SEE HER TWEET THREAD ABOVE FOR LINK)

CREDIT: Image by Gordon Johnson from Pixabay

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